By Lee Edwards, Elizabeth Edwards Spalding
The chilly conflict used to be a very important clash in American background. At stake was once no matter if the realm will be ruled by means of the forces of totalitarianism led via the Soviet Union, or encouraged by means of the foundations of financial and political freedom embodied within the usa. The chilly conflict confirmed the United States because the chief of the unfastened international and an international superpower. It formed U.S. army technique, monetary coverage, and family politics for almost 50 years.
In A short heritage of the chilly War, exotic students Lee Edwards and Elizabeth Edwards Spalding recount the pivotal occasions of this protracted fight and clarify the techniques that finally resulted in victory for freedom. They research the advance and implementation of containment, détente, and eventually President Reagan's philosophy: "they lose, we win." The chilly conflict teaches vital classes approximately statecraft and America's crucial position on the earth.
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Extra info for A Brief History of the Cold War
Although he popularized the term “containment” with the Foreign Affairs article, Kennan did not conceive containment as practiced by the Truman administration, including the Marshall Plan and NATO. ” So serious was the situation in France that the State Department unofficially sent John Foster Dulles to assess the possibility of a communist coup or a civil war between the communists—the secondlargest political party in France—and the supporters of Charles de Gaulle, the leader of the Free French during World War II.
In the absence of an effective United Nations, the president said, America was the one nation capable of establishing and maintaining peace. The international situation, he said, was at a critical juncture. If America failed to aid Greece and Turkey “in this fateful hour,” the crisis would take on global proportions. While political and economic means were preferred, military strength was also needed to foster the political and economic stability of threatened countries. The Truman Doctrine was a primary building block of containment.
28 In July 1948, shortly after the start of the Berlin crisis, Undersecretary of State Robert Lovett began discussions 52 A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE COLD WAR in Washington with the ambassadors of Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Canada on common security problems, discussions that would lead to the establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in April 1949. Truman regarded NATO not merely as a military alliance but as one more step in the creation of an American foreign policy, along with the UN charter, the Truman Doctrine, and the Marshall Plan, calculated to contain Soviet imperialism and protect global freedom and justice through free peoples and open, representative governments.
A Brief History of the Cold War by Lee Edwards, Elizabeth Edwards Spalding